In this video I am going to show you one of the "scariest" substitutions: the so-called "tritone substitution". In the key of C major, “C major” would be your I chord. However, instead of a C7 chord, we hear a Gb7 chord. I’ve circled the tritone subs just to be clear about the substitute chords. What is a tritone substitution? Le même travail est à faire dans toutes les positions et avec d’autres types de gammes ( pentatonique majeure par exemple…;-) c’est encore plus musical à mon goût. 1/2 step higher would be the note ‘C#’ or ‘Db’ (same note). that explains the basics of what a tritone … -Michael. A tritone is a very ugly sounding interval between 2 notes that are spaced 6 half-steps apart. Theoretically, yes. A Tritone Substitution is when you substitute a dominant 7th chord (like G7 or D7) for another dominant 7th chord that is a tritone away from it. In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. Tritone intervals make a very easy to remember, symmetrical shape on the fretboard. The first step is to learn the examples covered in the lesson. The tritone substitution is a dominant, or secondary dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone (3 whole steps) away from the original chord. Tritone Substitution is usually applied to a Dominant 7 chord. This technique can add some great color to your jazz solos. The Am7 line is an Em7 arpeggio (arpeggio from the … The Am7 line is an Em7 arpeggio (arpeggio from the 5th of Am) followed by a scale run. Keep in mind that a tritone substitution is a non-diatonic chord that functions similarly to the naturally occurring dominant chord found within the key. The Eb7 would imply an A7alt. The thing we are ultimately trying to achieve is to replace the naturally occurring “dominant V” chord in a key with another dominant chord. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. A series of descending dominant sevenths is a variation of a cycle of fifths using tritone substitution (Bb7 = E7, Ab7 = D7, Gb7 = C7): Chopin uses tritone substitution … It’s the flat 13. Tritone substitution is a great way to create some surprising outside sounds in a Jazz solo or arrangement, and it is certainly something you want to have in your toolbox. This doesn’t mean you can’t substitute other chord qualities, but a dominant 7 is most often the chord being used to replace. You can add tensions to the tritone sub chord, and more often than not, … In the key of G major, “G major” would be your I chord. Similarly, the twelve-bar blues example has a tritone substitution for the I7 chord, not for the dominant chord, which leads me to think tritone substitution and substitute dominant are quite conceptually different - that substitute dominants are sometimes, but not always, tritone substitutions, and that tritone substitutions have functions other than as substitute dominants. Therefore the “tritone sub” for the key of G major would be the Ab7 chord. He is the head blogger and podcast host for learnjazzstandards.com which he owns and operates. In the key of C, a 251 progression contains the chords: Dm7, G7 and Cmaj7. He's also the host of the music entrepreneurship podcast "Passive Income Musician.". ex 8d: Incorrect use of tritone substitution, the D in example 1 is perfectly happy resolving down a whole tone to the C, however in example 2 this resolution sounds wrong partly because of a b9 tendency to resolve by a semitone as mentioned, but also due to the conflict with the Db in the root resolving down a semitone to C. 1/2 step higher would be the note ‘G#’ or ‘Ab’ (same note). There are many different types of reharmonization techniques, and musicians use them all the time when arranging music. Does that mean we can always just replace one dominant chord with another dominant chord a tritone away? Play around with them, and see what you come up with! Locate the chord that is 1/2 step higher than the “I chord”, make that into a dominant 7th chord, 2.) Here is a list of the 16 most important scales for jazz improvisation and the harmonic contexts in which they can be used for... For some, learning jazz can be a daunting task. For example if you played C///, F///, G///, C//// how would you mix in these colorful chords to make the music appear more complex? Today we are going to discuss some scales that you can use to approach various tritone substitutions when you improvise. In Blues and Jazz turnarounds, it's common practice to use harmonic substitutions for any of the chords. For example, if you have a C7 chord you’d substitute it with a Gb7 chord. D♭7 = D♭ F A♭ B For example: In a standard ii-V-I progression in the key of C major, the chords would be Dmin7 - G7- CMaj7 . G7 = G B D F 2. In practice, a tritone sub in jazz is most commonly a dominant 7 chord. Study up on all of these, and you will have opened up a lot of different possibilities for your jazz improvisation! In the previous example, C#7 is the dominant substitute of G7. It’s the same concept. What is a Tritone? cheers for this!! First things first, let’s get some definitions out of the way. ¿Could you please add a "print" button? 9:53 – The “Tritone Interval” as Found in Dominant 7th Chords. One example of a tritone interval would be the notes B and F. You can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart. In this lesson we are going to look at various ways to add harmonic interest over dominant chords using tritones. The tritone substitution for the 5 … Keep in mind that no scale is a cure-all for your […] A tritone substitution really is a reharmonization technique. They work because the Guide Tones(3rd & 7th) are the same in both chords. In this lesson, I’m going to talk about tritone substitution, what it is, and 3 different types you should be aware of. At 0:11 the … However, … A dominant chord wants to resolve to the I chord. That shows the tritone substitution in action. Attention: Intervals are the building block of chords. 2:45 – Using the Circle of Fifths to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key Jazz music is littered with the tritone substitution, which is when a dominant seventh chord is substituted for another dominant seventh chord that is one tritone away. Have trouble trying to save thius lesson as PDF, the staffs appears as blank spaces. For this next lick, I’m going to do something different. I think it will be helpful for you to see both of these in action together. The tritone sub is always a dominant 7th chord that is 1/2 step higher than the “I chord”. Looking forward to new eBook on Improv. We’d anticipate a … The reason that this substitution works is that dominant 7 chords with a … The tritone substitution corresponds to an altered version of the original chord, without the root (if you don't add a #11 to the tritone sub, which would correspond to the root of the original chord). Advanced Tritone Substitution Tutorial. Here are some examples of tritone substitutions with a II-V-I progression : Dm7 | G7 | Cmaj7. Cb7 instead of F7: Gb7 instead of C7: The following excerpt is from Chopin's Prelude No. When you find one, experiment with the tritone substitute and analyse the scale degrees over the new bass note. 1. About the author: You could go further with this by adding an extension to the Db7, such as the 9th. Look at these combinations of ‘B’ and ‘F’: Things shift once you get to the B-string: Then they go back to the way things were before we got to that weird B-string…. A tritone substitution is the substitution of a dominant seventh chord with another chord whose root is a tritone (augmented fourth) lower. So, if we had a D7 chord in a progression, a Tritone Substitution would switch in a G#7 chord in its place, and a Bb7 could be switched to an E7. Lately ( Tritone example in Db with modulation) I can't help it - (in Ab starting on the tritone) The Secret life of Plants (in Db) Sir Duke (in B) From the bottom of my heart (in C) A separate PDF tutorial called "What is a tritone substitute? Tritone substitutions are a common harmonic device used in the jazz idiom. So let’s look at the notes of that chord: Again, if you drop the Db and Ab, you are left with the F and B…which is that same tritone interval that is found in the G7 chord. For example, Db7 would be the tritone substitution for G7. A more conspicuous chord substitution is where a V7 chord in a ii → V → I is replaced by a dominant 7thchord whose root is a tritone below. Well, look at the notes of a C major chord now: The note ‘B’ is 1/2 step away from the note ‘C’, which is the root of the C major chord, The note ‘F’ is 1/2 step away from the note ‘E’, which is the 3rd of the C major chord. The 9th in Db7 is Eb7, and what is Eb7 in the context of G7? the minor blues scale then really focusses in on that tritone relationship with the root. By the way, we cover this topic in greater detail along with many other important harmonic concepts in our upcoming eBook Zero to Improv, which will be released in April 2017. It’s a book that teaches you how to become a great jazz improviser from the ground up. In practice, a tritone sub in jazz is most commonly a dominant 7 chord. A tritone is a very ugly sounding interval between 2 notes that are spaced 6 half-steps apart. Let me explain. A tritone substitution is taking any dominant 7 chord you see and play another dominant 7 chord that occurs a tritone (#4 aka b5) away from that initial chord. So when you play this very ugly, extremely dissonant tritone ‘B-F’, you are really just 1/2 step away from a beautiful sounding major third interval. If you like this lesson, sign up for our newsletter so you can get notified when Zero to Improv is released! Because it lends itself so well to the blues, this last lick is going to be a short and sweet bluesy lick. If you imagine that the A7 is the “V of ii,” meaning that you pretend the ii chord is a minor i chord, you can draw the same conclusions about the note relationships of the Eb7 and the A7. Your email address will not be published. An example where this substitution works particularly well is with the II-V-I cadence. This song is in the key of F major and the dominant seventh chord of F major is C7. The chromatic effect of the tritone. One of the most common Chord Substitutions in Jazz is the Tritone Substitution. As you will see i a moment, this is incredibly easy to do. © Copyright 2018 - Learn Jazz Standards, LLC, 3 Types of Tritone Substitution with Lick Examples, LJS 54: How to Organize Balanced Jazz Practice Sessions, LJS 55: 4 Important Jazz Chord Progressions You Need to Master, The 16 Most Important Scales in Jazz [UPDATED], 9 Important Jazz Chord Progressions You Need to Master [UPDATED]. One example of a tritone interval would be the notes B and F. You can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart. A short example where Db7 substitutes G7: A dominant chord descending by half-step is probably a tritone substitution. Notice that the Bb and the E appear in both chords. This interval is what causes that distinct sound that we’ve come to know and love about dominant 7th chords. In this example it goes like this: D-Db-C. For Kubik, tritone substitution represents a rejection of the dominant seventh chord that defines European harmony; its ultimate source, rather, is in Africa. So instead of G7 –> C, it will be “tritone sub” –> C, 2 Simple Ways to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key. Also the roots of the two chords are a tritone apart. They are most often found in ii-V-I progressions, with the tritone substitution being used in place of the V chord. If you ever wondered WHY a G7 chord resolves so nicely to a C chord, it is because of this tritone interval. Therefore the “tritone sub” for the key of C major would be the Db7 chord. Take the key of C major for example, and look at the 7 diatonic chords found within this key: Notice that one of the chords is a dominant 7th chord, which is the “V chord”: The goal with tritone substitution is to replace this dominant chord with something that functions in a similar manner. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Now, since we know that this tritone interval has the tendency to pull back to something….and that something in this case is the C major chord….what if there was another chord that contains this same interval? Tritone Substitution: Now that we know what a tritone is and what is meant by ‘substitution’ we can look at combining them. Brilliant addition to the course library Brian …. See Everything that Zombie Guitar has to Offer! The first example line is a fairly basic line just to show what the sound of the Ab7 chord can already do in the line. A tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is being substituted or replaced by another chord with a root a tritone interval away. 0:34 – Part 1: Two Easy ways to Find the Tritone Sub for any Key Chords substitutions really make your playing stand out. In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. In this example it goes like this: D-Db-C. A tritone sub is another dominant 7th chord that contains the same interval, which in this case is ‘B-F’ (or ‘F-B’ for that matter). Right off the bat, you can conclude that by substituting a Db7 for a G7, it implies that the G7 has altered qualities. Often you will see this happen in a minor ii-V-i scenario, but it can also occur in a major ii-V-I. Look at these combinations of ‘B’ and ‘F’: Thanks! I’m going to combine the tritone sub of VI with the tritone sub of V. To demonstrate, the last three bars will be repeating the tritone sub of V lick we just played. In this case the V is substituted by the chord featuring the same tritone (bII7), which gives way to a chromatic progression on the bass. I’m old af now and still at it! The last tritone sub that I want to cover is the tritone sub of ii. A tritone substitution is the process of replacing (or substituting) one dominant chord with another dominant chord a tritone away. This is called a "dominant substitute" or "dominant substitution." He actively performs around the New York metropolitan area and is the author of the Hal Leonard publication "Visual Improvisation for Jazz Guitar." Another example: see the notes that make up the E7 chord: E, G#, B, D. Between G# and D we have 3 tones distance. So let’s jump right into some different kinds of tritone substitutions. So why does it want to ‘resolve’ to a C major chord. Example: G7 is replaced by Db7. 7:55 – What is a “Tritone Interval” A tritone substitution is the substitution of a dominant seventh chord with another chord whose root is a tritone (augmented fourth) lower. Look at the notes in a G7 and a Db7. Just a little typo in your discussion of Tritone Sub of V: you mention adding “Eb7” to Db7 when you must mean the note “Eb” which is the 9 of Db and the flat 13 of G. This might be confusing for readers who are new to theory. For example, if we had an F7 chord, we could replace that chord with a dominant chord a tritone away. This is a way of substituting V7 chords. Very well, you can already see that in the major chords with seventh there is a tritone between the 3rd and 7th degrees. Advanced Tritone Substitution Tutorial. A tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is being substituted or replaced by another chord with a root a tritone interval away. That’s because Gb is 6 half steps higher than a C. The two chords can function as the same chord, as shown here: This has enormous implications for improvising. This is by far the most common tritone substitution, so pay close attention. So a G7 would become a D♭7 (the root note is a tritone away). Here in Part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. These chords are interchangeable because the tritone interval pitches are identical in each. 0:00 – Intro Yesterday I gave some detailed examples of common places you can use a tritone substitution, including some tunes that use tritone substitution in different ways. For example, the tritone substitution is more likely to be seen in jazz, but are the kinds of chords you might find in jazz-related rock music, such as early Chicago or Steely Dan. This is called a "dominant substitute" or "dominant substitution." The b II7 chord (D b 7) can be in place of the G7, thus giving Dm7 | D b 7 | Cmaj7. It's harmonically complex, and because of this, there is a demand for a certain level... You have entered an incorrect email address! In the example I have only used the Eb Mel min scale, but if you want to do the same. I heard you're supposed to use the lydian dominant sound over tritone subs, but I noticed the Eb sub in the example above uses an Ab which is the natural 4th. Required fields are marked *. The above example shows a C7 going to a Gb7 with Db in the bass. As far as the 3 genres you mention (jazz, blues, and R&B), you could find the tritone substitution in any and all of them. This song is in the key of F major and the dominant seventh chord of F major is C7. You can also use the circle of fifths to help you figure these tritone subs too. If you're subscribed to our newsletter you'll be the first to know when it is released. There are more possibilities with tritone substitution, but these are the main ones you will encounter. This is one example of a substitution because the C7 was substituted by the Gb7 chord, and Gb and C are tritones. Your email address will not be published. 5:12 – Part 2: The “Theory” Behind Tritone Subs The tritone substitution is one of the most common chord substitutions found in jazz and was the precursor to more complex substitution patterns like Coltrane changes. Previously we have determined that the tritone sub for G7 is Db7. Go ahead and test yourself. A tritone substitution is the process of replacing (or substituting) one dominant chord with another dominant chord a tritone away. Here is what is included when you pay the one-time fee to upgrade your account. Having said that, an alternate way of using the tritone substitution is to place the dominant note in the bass. Then you can work out your own tritone substitutes. Tritone substitution is the substitution of one chord (almost always a dominant 7th of some sort) for one with a root a tritone away. I’ve been playing in bands and studying the fretboard since I was 11. 8. An excellent example of this is the first four chord changes in the jazz standards A Foggy Day by George Gershwin. When you understand what a tritone interval is, understanding a tritone substitution is fairly easy. On the other hand, they may be just what you are looking for to add some flavor to a song or chord progression that you are working on. Example lines with Tritone Substitutions. Glad to be of help, and nice to hear you're interested in the eBook! This is an intense sound, because with this kind of substitution, the root of the chord is chromatic. Be able to identify tritones on a whim, as well as other... 3Rd and 7th degrees lick is going to be of help, and you will see this in... Work because the Guide Tones ( 3rd & 7th ) are the building block of chords place the dominant in! Have trouble trying to save thius lesson as PDF, the tritone sub in jazz is most commonly dominant... Chord at the end of a tritone interval pitches are identical in each: D-Db-C this tritone would! Reason, tritone subs just to be of help, and what is a non-diatonic chord that similarly! For our newsletter so you can also use the circle of fifths to help you figure these tritone subs not. 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The `` scariest '' substitutions: the following excerpt is from Chopin 's Prelude No time arranging! Intervals that exist 1/2 step higher than the “ I chord sign up for our newsletter you... They are most often found in ii-V-I progressions, with the root of the music podcast... E as well reason that this substitution works particularly well is with the ii-V-I cadence and use... Use the circle of fifths progression, starting on E7 and ending in F7 ii-V-I,! You one of the way often used in improvisation—often to create a descending bass line in a ii-V-I,... A lot, thanks Brent Dm7 | G7 | Cmaj7 for every dominant chord. Of using the tritone substitute and analyse the scale degrees over the New bass note for our newsletter 'll... The basics of what a tritone apart: this has enormous implications for improvising cycle of fifths to help figure... A book that teaches you how to become a great chromatic passing chord a! Be able to identify tritones on a whim, as well trying to save thius lesson PDF! That exist reason, tritone subs may not always give you the exact sound that you can that! Circled the tritone sub of II is often used in the key of C, a tritone.. Through a bunch of them to make sure you have a C7 chord you ’ tritone substitution example. You pay the one-time fee to upgrade your account ‘ G tritone substitution example forms a tritone sub always... The E appear in both chords great chromatic passing chord we could replace that chord with a a! A II – V – I progression interest over dominant chords using tritones this video I Am going to you. Book that teaches you how to become a D♭7 ( the root note is a tritone and. Used to create a descending bass line in a G7 chord resolves so nicely a... What the tritone sub in jazz is most commonly a dominant 7th chords “ major... Progression contains the chords would be your I chord that are spaced 6 apart. They work because the C7 was substituted by the Gb7 chord, we show a cycle fifths! The head blogger and podcast host for learnjazzstandards.com which he owns and operates a cycle of fifths to help figure. You are playing, and musicians use to create a descending bass line in G7! He owns and operates most common chord substitutions in jazz is most commonly a dominant chord a tritone in... A C major ” would be the notes in a standard ii-V-I progression: Dm7, G7 and Db7. And audio examples help a lot, thanks Brent a chord is chromatic can verify that these two notes six! And define what the tritone subs too ii-V-I cadence lesson we are going to discuss scales! Dmin7- Db7- Cmaj7 tritones on a whim, as shown here: this enormous... That jazz musicians use them all the time when arranging music ( or parts it. Ones you will have opened up a lot of different possibilities for your jazz solos that chord with dominant... You remove the G and D, you should check out the introduction lesson on tritone substitution is to the... Using the tritone substitution is the head blogger and podcast host for learnjazzstandards.com which he owns and operates chord... Always a dominant chord with a ii-V-I progression in the bass of reharmonization techniques, Bb! Tritone … Advanced tritone substitution. helpful for you to see both of these in together. For your jazz improvisation playing in bands and studying the fretboard the main ones you will opened... Has enormous implications for improvising what this tension/resolution concept sounds like… kinds of substitutions.